The relationship of sexual dysfunction disorders syndrome and body image with mental health in women
Keywords:Sexual Dysfunction Disorders Syndrome, Body Image, Mental Health
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction (SD) and body image are interrelated and could affect mental health. This study aims to examine the relationship between SD and body image with mental health in women.
METHODS: This was a correlational study and statistical population was all married women at age of 25-50 who referred to gynecology centers in Tehran, Iran, in Mar 2015. 150 women who referred to gynecological clinics in two regions of 4 and 8 in Tehran, were chosen using convenience sampling method. They filled 12-Item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Sexual Function Questionnaire (SFQ), and Body Image Scale (BIS). Data were analyzed by using Pearson correlation and regression through SPSS software.
RESULTS: The relationship between SD disorders syndrome and negative body image with mental health was statistically significant (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSION: Negative self-image could have a negative effect on SD syndrome and it could predict poor mental health in women.
Khan F, Aftab S. Marital satisfaction and perceived social support as vulnerability factors to depression. Am Int J Soc Sci. 2013; 2(5): 99-107.
Karaaslan O, Hacimusalar Y. Evaluation of body image, sexual dysfunctions and quality of life in female patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Arc Clin Psychiatr. 2018; 45(6): 150-3.
Slevec JH, Tiggemann M. Predictors of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating in middle-aged women. Clin Psychol Rev. 2011; 31(4): 515-24.
Sobal J, Maurer D. Interpreting Weight the Social Management of Fatness and Thinness. 1st ed. New York, NY: Routledge; 1999.
Thomas SA, Fan AW, Pastore LM. A review of the impact of body image on quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Int J Psychol Res. 2014; 19(1): 17-32.
Waldman A, Loomes R, Mountford VA, Tchanturia K. Attitudinal and perceptual factors in body image distortion: An exploratory study in patients with anorexia nervosa. J Eat Disord. 2013; 1: 17.
Becker CB, Verzijl CL, Kilpela LS, Wilfred SA, Stewart T. Body image in adult women: Associations with health behaviors, quality of life, and functional impairment. J Health Psychol. 2019; 24(11): 1536-47.
Hayati E, Ghahari, S. Relationship between sexual dysfunction symptoms and body image and quality of life in women. Social Sciences (Pakistan). 2016; 11(14): 3506-9.
Ebadi M, Harirchi AM, Shariati M, Gannaroudi GR, Fateh A, Montazeri A. Translation, reliability and validity of the 12-Item General Health Questionnaire among young people in Iran. Payesh. 2002; 1(3): 39-46.
Younesi SJ, Salagegheh A. Body image in fertile and infertile women. J Reprod Fertil. 2001; 2(4): 14-22.
Quinn-Nilas C, Benson L, Milhausen RR, Buchholz AC, Goncalves M. The relationship between body image and domains of sexual functioning among heterosexual, emerging adult women. Sex Med. 2016; 4(3): e182-e189.
Pujols Y, Seal BN, Meston CM. The association between sexual satisfaction and body image in women. J Sex Med. 2010; 7(2 Pt 2): 905-16.
Afshari P, Houshyar Z, Javadifar N, Pourmotahari F, Jorfi M. The relationship between body image and sexual function in middle-aged women. Electron Physician. 2016; 8(11): 3302-8.
Chang SR, Yang CF, Chen KH. Relationships between body image, sexual dysfunction, and health-related quality of life among middle-aged women: A cross-sectional study. Maturitas. 2019; 126: 45-50.
Karamidehkordi A, Roudsari RL. Body image and its relationship with sexual function and marital adjustment in infertile women. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2014; 19(7 Suppl 1): S51-S58.