Evaluation of life expectancy in Kurdistan Province, Iran, during the years 2006 and 2016

Hadis Karimi, Ebrahim Ghaderi, Daem Roshani, Nasrollah Veisi, Mohammad Aziz Rasouli

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v5i2.239

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Life expectancy index is used in assessing changes in the health status of Kurdistan Province community, Iran, especially among the elderly, the difference in the health levels of women and men, and also the economic levels and the desired changes. This study aimed to evaluate the life expectancy in the age groups in Kurdistan Province using demographic information and mortality based on age and sex during the years 2006
and 2016.

METHODS: In this study, life expectancy was used for calculating life table according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Death information was extracted based on age groups and using demographic data of the statistical centers; in addition, the raw mortality rate was extracted according to age groups and calculated using Chiang method in the stage of life expectancy by sex and location. To analyze the data, Stata 12 and Excel software packages were used for calculations.

RESULTS: Life expectancy at birth in Kurdistan Province in the whole population was equal to 74.56 and 78.31 years in 2006 and 2016, respectively, and this rate was higher among women compared to men.

CONCLUSION: Extensive factors including medical and health status, well-being, nutrition status and quality, etc., affect the life expectancy index in different societies, and promotion of each criterion increases the life expectancy. It is necessary to establish required fields for establishing these indicators at the provincial level by creating a complete and accurate record of mortality and illness.


Keywords


Hope; Life Expectancy; Health Levels

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