The effect of training on the self-efficacy rate among patients with diabetes mellitus

Fouad Rahimi, Alireza Gharib, Eghbal Fattahi

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v5i2.235


BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy is referred to as a person's belief in his/her ability to succeed in a particular situation. Training can be effective to enhance self-efficacy among the patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Therefore, the present study was carried out with the aim to determine the effect of training on the self-efficacy rate among the patients with DM.

METHODS: The present study is a quasi-experimental study of interventional-control type. The data collection tool was a demographic questionnaire (demographic characteristics, educational needs assessment, and self-efficacy). 60 patients were selected by objective sampling method and were divided into the intervention and control groups (n = 30 in each group). Then, the replication-based study was performed on the subjects. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, chi-square, and Mann-Whitney tests in SPSS software.

RESULTS: The difference in mean of educational needs assessment in self-efficacy in the pre-test stage was not significant (P = 0.950), however, there was a significant difference between the two groups in the post-test stage in terms of the educational needs assessment (P = 0.030). From the viewpoint of self-efficacy level, there was a difference between the two groups in the post-test phase. However, this difference was not statistically significant (P = 519).

CONCLUSION: Considering the dependence of patients with DM on receiving care services, recognition of patient and self-care needs based on nursing theories and care planning will help the patient to adapt and increase self-efficacy.


Self-Efficacy; Diabetes Mellitus; Education

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