The relationship between handedness and academic achievement in high school students of Sanandaj City, Iran

Boshra Vahabi, Ahmad Vahabi, Masoud Moradi, Sirvan Sayyad, Mahin Ahmadian, Abdolvahed Narmashiri

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v7i4.476


BACKGROUND: Academic achievement is considered as one of the main results of the educational system and focusing on factors affecting it is of great importance. The present study was performed with the aim to determine the relationship between handedness and academic achievement in high school students in Sanandaj City, Iran, in 2016.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study the population of which included the high school students of Sanandaj and 2630 pupils were selected from among them. The study tool was the Annette's questionnaire. To measure the academic achievement, the average score of the first semester of the 2016-2017 school year of the students was used. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS software and descriptive and statistical tests such as the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests.

RESULTS: Among the samples, 7.7%, 87.4%, 4.9% were left handed, right handed, and of no handedness, respectively. The average score of handedness in the school children was 16.75 ± 11.99 out of 24. There was no relationship between academic achievement and handedness (P = 0.105).

CONCLUSION: The results suggested that other factors than handedness affect the success and academic achievement of the students.


Handedness; Students; Academic Achievement

Full Text:



Cavill S, Bryden P. Development of handedness: Comparison of questionnaire and performance-based measures of preference. Brain Cogn 2003; 53(2): 149-51.

Heydari S, Heydari M, Ahmari Tehran H, Seyedfarajollah A, Khoshkdahan M, Mojahedi Z. The relationship between handedness and academic achievement of students in Governmental Universities of Qom. Iran J Med Educ 2015; 15(3): 475-80. [In Persian].

Kirveskari E, Salmelin R, Hari R. Neuromagnetic responses to vowels vs. tones reveal hemispheric lateralization. Clin Neurophysiol 2006; 117(3): 643-8.

Solgi Z, Alipour A. Comparison of social intelligence and emotional intelligence in university students according to their handedness. Journal of Applied Psychology 2013; 6(4): 103-19.

Ghayas S, Adil A. Effect of handedness on intelligence level of students. J Indian Acad Appl Psychol 2007; 33(1): 85-91.

Alipour A, Kalantarian S. The study of the relationship between handedness and academic achievement in secondary school students. Journal of School Psychology 2012; 1(1): 7-26. [In Persian].

Noroozian M, Lotfi J, Gassemzadeh H, Emami H, Mehrabi Y. Academic achievement and learning abilities in left-handers: Guilt or gift? Cortex 2002; 38(5): 779-85.

Alipour A, Abaspour P, Ghorbani T, Komasi S. The comparison of empathy, stress, anxiety, and depression in left-handed and right-handed medical and paramedical students. J Clin Res Paramed Sci 2015; 4(3): 195-203. [In Persian].

Annett M. A classification of hand preference by association analysis. Br J Psychol 1970; 61(3): 303-21.

Bayrami M, Bakhshipour A, Hadavandkhani F. Schizotypy and handedness in nonclinical individuals: A study of an Iranian sample population. J Arak Uni Med Sci 2010; 13(3): 21-7. [In Persian].

Taghizadeh F, Daneshfar A, Shojaei M. Effects of lateral preference of eye and hand pattern, task and skill level on performance of table tennis players. Motor Behavior 2014; 6(15): 127-40. [In Persian].

Azami S, Makvand Hosseini S, Dokani M, Zamirinejad S. Brain cortical activity change patterns under positive and negative affective induction with consideration of extraversion and neuroticism. J North Khorasan Univ Med Sci 2014; 5(4): 687-96. [In Persian].

Jahangiri N, Rouhi Z. The comparison of laterality pattern of language perception in Down syndrome and typical children. Journal of Language and Literature Faculty of Letters and Humanities 2008;

(4): 135-52. [In Persian].

Kandpal DC, Kandpal M. A comparative study of left handed adolescent and right handed adolescent student with regards to socio psychological variable and their academic achievements. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies 2016; 4(25): 2422-6.

Malusi BM. Challenges left-handed students face in Kenyan girls' secondary school science laboratories. Afr J Chem Edu 2014; 4(3): 150-81.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.