Parents’ experience of pediatric cancer: A qualitative study

Golrokh Moridi, Sina Valiee, Mohammad Fathi, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Shahnaz Khaledi

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v6i4.358

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Suffering from life-threatening diseases such as cancer, due to its impact on the patients and their next of kin causes myriads of changes in the structure and function of the family. The objective of this study was to clarify parents' experiences of childhood cancer.

METHODS: This qualitative study was conducted through purposive sampling method. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 parents whose children were diagnosed with cancer in the oncology department of Besat Hospital in Sanandaj city, Iran. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed through Benner’s thematic analysis.

RESULTS: During data analysis, 4 main themes emerged including destroyer and terminator of life, horror and hope, disturbance of normal life, and gaining valuable experience.

CONCLUSION: Parental roles, routine care of a child with cancer, and facing multiple treatments and childcare problems threatened parents' compliance with the condition of the disease, and thus, parents sought social support. Therefore, more attention should be paid to the parents’ probable reaction and different life dimensions. To make healthcare more effective, providing necessary psychological, mental, and emotional support and increasing parental hope is necessary. Parents of a child with cancer should be assisted in preventing some healthcare problems and coping with their child’s illness.

 


Keywords


Cancer; Qualitative Research; Parents; Diagnosis

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