Investigating the frequency of trauma and its final outcome in the emergency department of Kowsar Hospital, Sanandaj, Iran

Trauma and consequences in emergency patients

Authors

  • Kamyab Keshavarzi Student Research Committee, Department of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1067-3298
  • Kourosh Akhbari Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3539-4129
  • Ali Abasi Student Research Committee, Department of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran https://orcid.org/0009-0006-4189-3281
  • Leila Azizkhani Department of Emergency Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22122/cdj.v12i3.821

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Trauma is one of the causes of death and part of the cause of disability in the active population in developing countries. This study was conducted with the aim of investigating trauma and consequences in emergency patients of Kowsar Hospital, Sanandaj, Iran, in 2018-2019.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the files of 245 patients who referred to the emergency department (ED) of Kowsar Hospital from April 2018 to March 2019 with the diagnosis of trauma equal to the prepared checklist were examined and the required information was extracted and analyzed using SPSS software.

RESULTS: 74.3% were men and 25.7% were women. The average age was 26.49 ± 11.43 years. 58% of trauma mechanism was related to accidents, 40% to falls, and 2% was due to conflicts. 51% of patients were hospitalized in the emergency room and 5.7% in the intensive care unit (ICU). 41.6% were discharged and 1.6% died as a result of trauma. There was a significant relationship between the scene of the accident, transfer to the hospital from the scene of the accident, and the location of the lesion with the outcome of trauma in the studied patients (P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that accidents and falls were the main reasons for patients to visit the emergency trauma department. There was a significant relationship between the anatomical location of the injury and the trauma's outcome.  Most of the patients were admitted to the emergency room. Outcomes were trauma, hospitalization, discharge with personal consent, and death.

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Published

2024-06-23

How to Cite

1.
Keshavarzi K, Akhbari K, Abasi A, Azizkhani L. Investigating the frequency of trauma and its final outcome in the emergency department of Kowsar Hospital, Sanandaj, Iran: Trauma and consequences in emergency patients. Chron Dis J. 2024;12(3).

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Original Article(s)