Predictor factors of attention deficit/hyperactivity, conduct, and oppositional defiant disorders in children of parents with drug abuse

Kianoosh Najafi, Kazhal Mikaeili, Fayegh Yousefi

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v10i2.730


BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder (CD), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are problems that children of parents with drug abuse suffer from. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictor factors of ADHD, CD, and ODD in children of parents with drug abuse.

METHODS: The present study was a descriptive-analytic research. The statistical population of the study included the children of parents suffering from drug abuse in Sanandaj, Iran, during 2017-2018. The sample size included 196 individuals (91 girls and 105 boys) which were selected by stratified multistage random sampling. The instrument of this study was Child Symptom Inventory-4 (CSI-4). Descriptive statistics and multiple regression were used for analytical purposes.

RESULTS: Based on multiple regression's results analysis, predictors have a significant relationship between behavioral disorders (CD) in the children based on their fathers' job (P = 0.001), but there was no such a significant relationship between behavioral disorders (ODD, ADHD, CD) in the studied children in terms of parents' occupation and level of education (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: The results of the current study could be used for psychiatric clinics, mental health, and education organizations. In addition, they will be used for the supportive organizations that want to help and support children with ADHD, CD, and ODD with parents with substance abuse.


Attention; Deficit; Hyperactivity; Conduct; Oppositional Defiance; Drug Abuse

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