The effectiveness of life skills training on marital intimacy and family functioning among married women with major depression

Tiraje Javini, Morvarid Ilkhani

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v9i4.639


BACKGROUND: This study was performed aiming to determine the effectiveness of life skills training on marital intimacy and family functioning among married women with major depression in Tehran, Iran.

METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-posttest design accompanied by control and experimental groups. The statistical population included all married women with major depression referring to community centers of district 14 of Tehran. Among the desired centers, the Sarasiab center was selected using a simple random sampling method and a list of married women with major depression was provided. Finally, 30 subjects were randomly selected using the purposive sampling method and divided into the two groups of control and experimental. Initially, the pre-test stage was implemented. The experimental group received 10 90-minute training sessions of life skills, while the controls received no intervention. The instruments used included McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD) and Walker and Thompson’s Intimacy Scale which were employed by the participants of both groups. Data was analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).

RESULTS: The results indicated that implementation of the independent variable at the significance level of 0.01 has affected the participants’ marital intimacy (P < 0.01, F(1,27) = 13.00). In addition, implementation of the independent variable at the significance level of 0.05 influenced the participants’ family functioning (P < 0.05, F = 4.70).

CONCLUSION: The results showed that implementation of life skills training significantly increases marital intimacy among married women with major depression in Tehran. It also significantly increases the quality of family functioning among married women with major depression in Tehran.


Marital Intimacy; Family Functioning; Life Skills; Major Depression

Full Text:



Bagarozzi DA. Enhancing intimacy in marriage: A clinician's guide. London, UK: Routledge; 2001.

Schaefer MT, Olson DH. Assessing intimacy: The PAIR Inventory. J Marital Fam Ther 1981; 7(1): 47-60.

Soltani A, Molazadeh J, Mahmoodi M, Hosseini S. A study on the effectiveness of emotional focused couple therapy on intimacy of couples. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2013; 82: 461-5.

Zanganeh Motlag F, Bani Jamali S, Ahadi H, Hatami HR. The effectiveness of couples therapy based on acceptance and commitment and emotionally focused couples therapy on improvement of intimacy and reduction of alexithymia among couples. Journal of Thought and Behavior in Clinical Psychology 2017; 11(44): 47-56. [In Persian].

Bakhshipour B, Asadi M, Kiani A, Shiralipour A, Ahmaddoost H. The relationship between family function and marital conflicting couples who had decided to get divorced. Quarterly Knowledge & Research in Applied Psychology 2012; 13(2): 11-21. [In Persian].

Epstein NB, Baldwin LM, Bishop DS. The MCmaster family assessment device. J Marital Fam Ther 1983; 9(2): 171-80. [In Persian].

Epstein NB, Bishop DS, Levin S. The McMaster model of family functioning. J Marital Fam Ther 1978; 4(4): 19-31.

Mousavi S. The role of family functioning (Based on McMaster's Model) in predicting attitudes of intimacy & marriage compatibility in families of Qazvin City. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy 2013; 3(3): 401-19.

Barrett LF, Adolphs R, Marsella S, Martinez AM, Pollak SD. Emotional expressions reconsidered: challenges to inferring emotion from human facial movements. Psychol Sci Public Interest 2019; 20(1): 1-68.

Vojdany S, Golzari M, Borjali A. The effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on depression and marital satisfaction of depressed women. Journal of Applied Psychology 2014; 8(2): 7-21. [In Persian].

Steptoe A, Wardle J. Life skills, wealth, health, and wellbeing in later life. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2017; 114(17): 4354-9.

Azizi A, Esmaeli R, Dehghan Manshadi S, Esmaeli S. The effectiveness of life skills training on marital satisfaction in divorce applicant couples. Iran J Nurs 2016; 29(99 and 100): 22-33.

Sanaei B, Alaghband S. Family measurement scales. Tehran, Iran: Besat Publications; 2000. [In Persian].

Movahedi M, Movahedi Y, Karimenejad K. The study of the relationship among marital satisfaction, intimacy and marital relationship quality in forgiving married. Family Counseling and Psychotherapy 2015; 4(4): 633-52. [In Persian].

Hasanvand Amozadeh M. Effect of life-skills training on social anxiety symptoms and stress coping methods in teens in families support with welfare organization. Research in Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences 2015; 5(1): 21-36. [In Persian].

Fife ST, Weeks GR, Gambescia N. Treating infidelity: An integrative approach. The Family Journal 2008; 16(4): 316-23.

Jaberi S, Etemadi O, Ahmadi SA. Investigation of structural relationship between communication skills and marital intimacy. Research in Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences 2016; 6(2): 143-51. [In Persian].

Ahmadvand E. Effectiveness of empathy education on decreasing marital disturbance and increasing compatibility in married women in Tehran. Journal of New Advances in Behavioral Sciences 2018; (21): 40-60. [In Persian].

Martin D, Martin M. Understanding dysfunctional and functional family behaviors for the at-risk adolescent. Adolescence 2000; 35(140): 785-92.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.