Predictive role of personality types and religious orientation in the self-management of patients with cancer

Zohreh Ghasemi-Mehrabadi, Sima Ferdoosi

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v9i4.623


BACKGROUND: Personality types and religious orientation are important in the self-management of patients with cancer. The present study was performed with the aim to investigate the predictive role of personality types and religious orientation in the self-management of patients with cancer.

METHODS: The statistical population of the study included all patients with cancer in Tehran, Iran. Aria and Toos hospitals, as well as two private offices were selected as the places willing to cooperate in the implementation of the questionnaires. From among the patients referred to these centers, 200 people were selected by the convenience sampling method. The questionnaires used in this study included three questionnaires of religious orientation, personality questionnaire, and the self-management scale introduced in the following. In this study, the data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed in Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software.

RESULTS: The relationship between the predictor variables and self-management was significant (P < 0.050). Neuroticism, extraversion, agreeability, conscientiousness, internal religious orientation, and external religious orientation were significantly correlated (P < 0.050). Internal religious orientation and external religious orientation can change self-management (P < 0.050).

CONCLUSION: Accordingly, it can be concluded that there was a relationship between the personality types and religious orientation with the self-management of people with cancer.


Personality Types; Religious Orientation; Self-Management; Cancer

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