Burden of pediatric asthma in Kurdistan Province, West of Iran

Rasoul Nasiri-Kalmarzi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Amjad Mohamadi-Bolbanabad, Hossein Safari, Arian Azadnia, Satar Rezaei, Shilan Amir-Hosseini

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v0i0.586

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Asthma is the most common chronic respiratory disease (CRD) and one of the most serious and important pediatric diseases in developing countries. The present study aims to estimate the burden of asthma among children in Kurdistan Province, Iran.

METHODS: Disability-adjusted life year (DALY) was used in order to estimate the burden of asthma. In a cross-sectional study, with a sample size of 4000, and using the multi-stage sampling method and Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire, the prevalence of asthma was estimated for two 6-7 and 13-14 age groups in Kurdistan Province in 2013. In addition, some necessary data were extracted from the death registration system in Kurdistan Provincial Health Center and Statistical Center of Iran (SCI).

RESULTS: Burden of asthma for 6-7 age group was 71.6 DALYs in boys (2.77 DALYs per 1000 population) and 48 in girls (2.22 DALYs per 1000 population) with a total burden of 119.6 DALYs (2.52 DALYs per 1000 population). Moreover, its burden for 13-14 age group was 121.1 DALYs in boys (4.86 DALYs per 1000 population) and 82.3 in girls (3.98 DALYs per 1000 population) with a total burden of 203.4 DALYs (4.46 DALYs per 1000 population).

CONCLUSION: Considering the significant prevalence of asthma and its burden among children in Kurdistan Province, it is suggested that prevention and management of this disease be considered as a priority by policy makers and in health programs, in addition to attempting to prevent and reduce its burden by setting out effective interventions.


Keywords


Asthma; Pediatrics; Children; Burden of Illness; Iran

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