A case-control study on comparing resilience, quality of life, and perceived support in patients with type 2 diabetes

Nasim Hosseini, Farnaz Keshavarzi

DOI: 10.22122/cdj.v10i2.492

Abstract


BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic endocrine disorder characterized by impaired glucose metabolism. Diabetic foot, retinopathy, neuropathy, and nephropathy are diabetes-related outcomes that can affect resilience, quality of life (QOL), and perceived support. This study was conducted to compare resilience, QOL, and perceived support in patients with type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: This study was a correlational study conducted in the form of a case-control design and was carried out in Tehran, Iran. For this purpose, 80 patients including 40 women and 40 men were selected based on purposeful sampling method during summer 2018. Three questionnaires of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Family Quality of Life Questionnaire (FQOL), and Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) were completed by the participants during a period of time. Data were analyzed by independent t-test and multivariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS software.

RESULTS: The difference between the mean scores of men and women in the resilience variable was significant and higher in women (P < 0.05). Moreover, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of men and women in the variables of quality of family life and perceived support and it was higher in women (P < 0.01 for all).

CONCLUSION: The relationship between resilience, QOL, and perceived support variables with demographic indices is important and can be clinically relevant in planning appropriate interventions in patients with diabetes.


Keywords


Diabetes; Resilience; Quality of Life

Full Text:

PDF

References


- Uzunlulu M, Oguz A, Arslan Bahadir M, Erbakan AN, Vural Keskinler M, Alpaslan Mesci B. C-peptide concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes treated with insulin. Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research & Reviews [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2019 Nov;13(6):3099–104.

- Chávez-Talavera O, Wargny M, Pichelin M, Descat A, Vallez E, Kouach M, et al. Bile acids associate with glucose metabolism, but do not predict conversion from impaired fasting glucose to diabetes. Metabolism [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2019 Nov;154042.

- Muqit MMK, Kourgialis N, Jackson-deGraffenried M, Talukder Z, Khetran ER, Rahman A, et al. Trends in Diabetic Retinopathy, Visual Acuity, and Treatment Outcomes for Patients Living With Diabetes in a Fundus Photograph–Based Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Program in Bangladesh. JAMA Network Open [Internet]. American Medical Association (AMA); 2019 Nov 27;2(11):e1916285.

- Zhang H-H, Han X, Wang M, Hu Q, Li S, Wang M, et al. The Association between Genomic DNA Methylation and Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Journal of Diabetes Research [Internet]. Hindawi Limited; 2019 Nov 3;2019:1–9.

- Akimoto H, Tezuka K, Nishida Y, Nakayama T, Takahashi Y, Asai S. Association between use of oral hypoglycemic agents in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and risk of depression: A retrospective cohort study. Pharmacology Research & Perspectives [Internet]. Wiley; 2019 Nov 21;7(6).

- Marangoni F, Agostoni C, Borghi C, Catapano AL, Cena H, Ghiselli A, et al. Dietary linoleic acid and human health: Focus on cardiovascular and cardiometabolic effects. Atherosclerosis [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2020 Jan;292:90–8.

- Papachristou Nadal et al. Exploring healthcare professionals' perspectives of barriers and facilitators to supporting people with severe mental illness and Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Health & Social Care in the Community. (2019).

- Helgeson VS, Naqvi JB, Seltman H, Vaughn AK, Korytkowski M, Hausmann LRM, et al. Links of communal coping to relationship and psychological health in type 2 diabetes: actor–partner interdependence models involving role, sex, and race. Annals of Behavioral Medicine [Internet]. Oxford University Press (OUP); 2019 Nov 26.

- Ang SY, Uthaman T, Ayre TC, Mordiffi SZ, Ang E, Lopez V. Association between demographics and resilience - a cross-sectional study among nurses in Singapore. International Nursing Review [Internet]. Wiley; 2018 Mar 8;65(3):459–66.

- Kennedy B, Fang F, Valdimarsdóttir U, Udumyan R, Montgomery S, Fall K. Stress resilience and cancer risk: a nationwide cohort study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health [Internet]. BMJ; 2017 Aug 8;71(10):947–53.

- Wersebe H, Lieb R, Meyer AH, Hofer P, Gloster AT. The link between stress, well-being, and psychological flexibility during an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy self-help intervention. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2018 Jan;18(1):60–8. doi:10.1016/j.ijchp.2017.09.002. [PubMed: 30487911].

- Vyas A, Kang F, Barbour M. Association between polypharmacy and health-related quality of life among US adults with cardiometabolic risk factors. Quality of Life Research [Internet]. Springer Science and Business Media LLC; 2019 Nov 30.

- Cooper OAE, Taylor DJ, Crabb DP, Sim DA, McBain H. Psychological, social and everyday visual impact of diabetic macular oedema and diabetic retinopathy: a systematic review. Diabetic Medicine [Internet]. Wiley; 2019 Nov 28

- Dueñas J-M, Fernández M, Morales-Vives F. What is the protective role of perceived social support and religiosity in suicidal ideation in young adults? The Journal of General Psychology [Internet]. Informa UK Limited; 2019 Nov 29;1–16.

- Barry E, Greenhalgh T, Fahy N. How are health-related behaviours influenced by a diagnosis of pre-diabetes? A meta-narrative review. BMC Medicine [Internet]. Springer Science and Business Media LLC; 2018 Jul 27;16(1).

- Pirnia B, Pirnia K, Bazyari K, Aslani F, Malekanmehr P. Physical or Psychological Therapy? Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Acupuncture for Subsyndromal Depression among Methamphetamine Users. Iranian Journal of Public Health [Internet]. Knowledge E; 2019 May 15.

- Yi JC, Syrjala KL. Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Survivors. Medical Clinics of North America [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2017 Nov;101(6):1099–113.

- Rivard M, Mercier C, Mestari Z, Terroux A, Mello C, Bégin J. Psychometric Properties of the Beach Center Family Quality of Life in French-Speaking Families With a Preschool-Aged Child Diagnosed With Autism Spectrum Disorder. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities [Internet]. American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD); 2017 Sep;122(5):439–52.

- Nearchou F, Davies A, Hennessy E. Psychometric evaluation of the Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support in young adults with chronic health conditions. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine [Internet]. Cambridge University Press (CUP); 2019 Nov 25;1–5.

- Ponce-Garcia E, Madewell AN, Brown ME. Resilience in Men and Women Experiencing Sexual Assault or Traumatic Stress: Validation and Replication of the Scale of Protective Factors. Journal of Traumatic Stress [Internet]. Wiley; 2016 Nov 17;29(6):537–45.

- Bonsu K, Kugbey N, Ayanore MA, Atefoe EA. Mediation effects of depression and anxiety on social support and quality of life among caregivers of persons with severe burns injury. BMC Research Notes [Internet]. Springer Science and Business Media LLC; 2019 Nov 27;12(1).

- Sundberg F, Sand P, Forsander G. Health-related quality of life in preschool children with Type 1 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine [Internet]. Wiley; 2014 Aug 23;32(1):116–9.

- Cai W, Pan Y, Zhang S, Wei C, Dong W, Deng G. Relationship between cognitive emotion regulation, social support, resilience and acute stress responses in Chinese soldiers: Exploring multiple mediation model. Psychiatry Research [Internet]. Elsevier BV; 2017 Oct;256:71–8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.